Gaza,(Alresalah.ps)-- Member of Hamas political bureau Osama Hamdan stated that Ismail Haniyeh is the new chairman of Hamas political bureau and he will succeed Khaled Meshaal.
In a press statement to Al-Resalah paper, Hamdan added that Haniyeh won the internal election and got the majority of votes.
Ismail Haniyeh was born in Shati refugee camp on May 23, 1963, where his parents fled from Ashkelon city after the Palestinian Nakba.
He studied at the Islamic University in Gaza and graduated in 1987 with a bachelor in Arabic literature. Later, he received an honorary doctorate degree from the Islamic University in 2009
Haniyeh used to be active within the "Islamic bloc, the student arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, where from Hamas has emerged. He served as a member of the students' council of the Islamic University in Gaza between 1983 and 1984. Then, He became the President of the Students Council, where there were sharp differences between the Islamic bloc, and Fatah youth chaired by Mohammed Dahlan.
In 1989 , He was imprisoned by Israeli Occupation Forces for three years and then deported to Marj al-Zuhour on the Lebanese-Palestinian border with a group of Hamas leaders, where he spent a full year in exile. In 1992.
After a year in exile, he returned to Gaza .
After graduation, he worked as a lecturer at the university, them he moved to administrative affairs.
In 1997, he was appointed as the head of the office of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, the spiritual leader of Hamas. His position got enhanced in Hamas during Al-Aqsa Intifada because of his relationship with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and because of the Israeli assassinations of the movement's leaders. In December 2005, he headed Hamas' list of (change and reform bloc) in the Palestinian legislative elections, which won the majority in 2006.
On 16 February 2006, Hamas nominated him for the post of Palestinian prime minister , and On June 30, 2006, the Israeli government threatened to assassinate him unless the captive Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was released.
On June 14, 2007, Haniyeh was dismissed from his post as prime minister by Palestinian National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. Yet, Haniyeh rejected the decision because he considered it "unconstitutional" and described it as hasty, stressing that "his government will continue its tasks and will not relinquish its national responsibilities towards the Palestinian people."
Haniyeh called for Palestinian reconciliation with Fatah movement and he expressed he is ready to relinquish the premiership within the framework of comprehensive reconciliation.
He has already relinquished premiership on 2 June 2014 to Rami al-Hamdallah, saying "Today I voluntarily hand over the government as we are eager to make national unity and resistance succeed with all forms in the next phase. "